to Nineteenth Century Chile
Tables showing immigration to Chile by location and occupation, 1865-95
in Nineteenth Century Chile
GIS maps showing immigration patterns across Chile, 1865-1907
· The massive earthquake in 1906, prompting people to move to nearby Viña del Mar.
· The opening of the Panama Canal in 1914, leading trade between Europe and San Francisco to move through the isthmus of Panama.
· The creation of synthetic sodium nitrate, which replaced natural nitrate (saltpeter) of northern Chile as a commodity as a fertilizer and the production of munitions.