Browse Exhibits (4 total)

19th Century Chilean Sports

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In this exhibit we examine the sporting culture developed by the British in nineteenth century Chile. While building businesses and contributing to the local culture, colonists also found time for sport, and in the process they helped to found new athletic traditions in Chile. Much more than mere entertainment, sport bridged communities, altering or even supplanting the indigenous sports already in place. Eventually, British and local sports merged to became part of the new nation’s identity.

Chile's Epidemics, 1880s - 90s

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Across the 19th century and into the 20th, a series of epidemic nightmares swept Chile, causing enormous damage to the nation’s welfare and economy. Among the worst were pandemics that framed the long nineteenth century: the smallpox outbreak of the 1800s, and the plague epidemic from 1902 to 1907, both brought to the country via the rapid increase in marine transportation that resulted from the  trading boom that followed Chilean independence. These pandemics thus bear witness to the negative consequences of globalization, as increased interconnections with the rest of South America and Europe brought unwelcome as well as welcome exchanges.

In this exhibit, we will discuss several of Chile's pandemics and explore the factors that influenced the virulence of these outbreaks of smallpox and plague. By looking at Chilean living conditions, prevention methods, and political influences, we explore how these factors interacted to create a holistic mapping of Chile’s public health.

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Across the 19th century and into the 20th, a series of medical nightmares swept Chile. Among the worst were the smallpox outbreak of the 1800s and the plague epidemic from 1902 to 1907 penetrating the country via the rapid increase in marine transportation post-Chile-independence. These pandemics thus bear witness to the negative consequence of globalization as increased interconnection with the rest of South America and Europe brought about many unwelcomed changes.

In this exhibit, we will discuss several Chile's pandemics and explore the key factors that influenced the virulence of these outbreaks of smallpox and plague. By looking at Chilean living conditions, prevention methods, and political influences, we explore how these factors interacted to attain a holistic view of Chile’s public health.

Chilean Transports: The Pacific Steam Navigation Company

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The Pacific Steam Navigation Company became a household word in South America in the nineteenth century. The company was the first to utilize steam ships commercially in the Pacific Ocean and it connected the Pacific coast of South America to the rest of the world. Starting with two mail-carrying steam ships, Chile and Peru, in 1840, the Pacific Steam Navigation Company was trading with the Britain and Australia just a few years after its inception. It outlived the two World Wars and its legacy is still strong, with its in-house magazine, Sea Breezes, still running even today.

The Anglophone Newspapers of Chile

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In this exhibit, we examine three Anglo-Chilean newspapers. Each bears witness to the unique factors that shape the foreign language press, or journalism written in a foreign language and published by a colony living in a host country; at the same time, each captures a significant moment in the development of the Anglophone press worldwide.

Thus the earliest paper in our collection, The English Mercury (1843-44) focuses on mercantile news.

The second, the Valparaiso and West Coast Mail (1867-74), introduces local and international news as well as sections intended to appeal to a more diverse family readership as the Anglo-American colony grew and developed.

The third, the The Star of Chile (1904-06) not only provides meaningful news focused on the by-now highly develop Anglo-American colony in Chile, but also addresses audiences beyond Chile as well, seeking to share the coutnry's beauty and cultural diversity through photography as well as coverage of its arts and cultural life.